Our HE fillings, which consist of TNT or Composition B, produced in our melt and pour facility meet all critical safety factors. There is, after all, no 155mm Beehive round. Beehive Ammunition A vital round for tanks and artillery in Vietnam was the devastating, ‘beehive’ canister round, named for the sound of more than a thousand pellets whizzing past. At about 50 meters from the muzzle, the round ejects the darts toward the enemy with a medium hard ejecting charge. 155mm Howitzers, M-198. The “Beehive” shell was our second option. It contained nearly 8,000 small darts and more powder than other rounds. Interesting read from the Centaurs page. Only by using rocket-assisted projectiles (RAP) can most 155mm guns have comparable range to the 4.5" naval gun and in doing so by sacrificing the payload. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). They are seen as striking a good compromise between range and destructive power, while using only a single calibre simplifies logistics. Our military surplus ordnance selection includes artillery shells for sale, grenades, shell casings, fuses and everything in between. It was also capable of using the 'Beehive' flechette round. I was a unit armorer/supply guy (76y) for an artillery battery, 93Bn/34th Fa) Ft. Lewis 83-86. The standard shell from a 4.5" naval gun has the same, if not better, range and carries twice the HE payload of a standard 155mm round. The primary beehive round for this purpose was the M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T) shell which projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer. However, since 2016 no ammunition has been developed and therefore the Advanced Gun System is completely unusable. This allows naval guns to fire heavier shells in comparison to shell diameter and to use larger propellant charges in relation to shell weight leading to greater projectile velocities. This weapon was nearly 1-ton lighter and fully air-portable at 1,470-kg. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. Subsequently, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. 'Screeching Bees' " "Artillerymen were busy doing their jobs, too. The excitement of being attacked speeds up normal reaction time, and in the heat of battle, close can become good enough, but that must be controlled. Max rate of fire of 12 rounds for three minutes or one round per minute indefinitely. Did have occasion to use the 105mm APERS rounds in one full out assault by a combination NVA and irregulars against the unit I commanded. All beehive ammunition had been expended, but due to the speed and accuracy of the assault against the medium battery, less than 10 rounds of 155mm had been fired prior to the destruction of the howitzers. Firecracker was 8-inch and Beehive was 105mm and 155mm (?). Beehive Ammunition A vital round for tanks and artillery in Vietnam was the devastating, ‘beehive’ canister round, named for the sound of more than a thousand pellets whizzing past. It was used for marking concrete targets. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more. Green starshells were shot into the air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot. 1 inch). The combustible cartridge case was the XM157, with 6 pounds of either the M26 or M26A1 propellant charge and the XM91E1 electric primer. The M78(A1) fuze with the M25 booster were constructed especially for use against concrete targets. The shell is fired directly at advancing enemy formations similar to an aimed shotgun. At one point the British Ministry of Defence studied "up-gunning" the Royal Navy's 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval guns to give increased firepower and a common calibre between the Royal Navy and the British Army. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that co… The payload in this projectile consists of 8,000 steel-wire, fin-stabilized darts. It had an improved range of 14,000-meters as a result of having a longer barrel length. Upon detonation the darts, or flechettes, are sprayed radially from the point of detonation, normally within sixty feet of the ground. Thanks for posting that. Only by using rocket-assisted projectiles (RAP) can most 155mm guns have comparable range to the 4.5" naval gun and in … The problem/advantage is that (IIRC) with the old M564 MTSQ, min fuze setting was 2.2 sec. Employed as a last-ditch defense against a close-in infantry assault, the beehive round cut a devastating swath 30 degrees either side of the muzzle. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle air burst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of Beehive. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). In the area of field artillery, the flechette or beehive round is an example of an anti-personnel warhead. ? See more ideas about vietnam, vietnam war, vietnam war photos. Yelling a warning to get down, Piper yanked the lanyard. A gun equipped with Beehive ammunition may fire this instead of normal ammunition. M546 APERS-T rounds are intended primarily for antipersonnel use at close range. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes were compartmentalized and stacked, looking like the traditional image of a conical beehive. The energy weapon system, vaporizes any BETAs that gets into its line of fire, as the Leoniads unleash death in all directions, the 155mm artillery of the Leonidas launched its beehive round. This has led to the obsolescence of larger calibre weapons such as 175 mm (6.9") and 203 mm (8"), although some militaries retain 105 mm weapons for their light weight and portability. The primary beehive round for this purpose . Since the end of WWII, 155 mm has not found any use among naval forces despite its ubiquity on land, with most NATO and aligned navies using 76mm (3"), 100mm (3.9"), 114mm (4.5"), or 127mm (5") guns on modern warships. A non delay type was painted white about one inch down from the nose of the fuze. The beehive round is a wide area of effect akin to canister round used on 120mm cannons. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons including 90 mm, 106 mm, Ontoses and M48 tanks. The Firecracker Round contained the small floating grenades, and the round with the flechette's and was called the Beehive Round. Ordnance is an all encompassing term that refers to mounted guns, artillery and other related weaponry. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons including 90 mm, 106 mm, Ontoses and M48 tanks. This article is about Beehive anti-personnel ammunition. See 105mm towed Howitzer Battalion TO&E. The US Navy's Advanced Gun System also uses a 155mm calibre, although it is not compatible with NATO-standard 155mm ammunition. The technique involves a howitzer or gun firing a high explosive (HE) shell fuzed with a mechanical time-super quick (MTSQ) artillery fuse set to function causing an airburst over a target in very close proximity to the gun's position. Set … A gun equipped with Beehive ammunition may fire this instead of normal ammunition. Communist forces were principally armed with Chinese and Soviet weaponry though some Viet Cong guerrilla units were equipped with Western infantry weapons either captured from French stocks during the first Indochina war or from ARVN units or requisitioned through illicit purchase. For other uses, see, ONTOS mounting six 106mm recoilless rifle, the world's biggest shot gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beehive_anti-personnel_round&oldid=959753490, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:37. Shop CDVS for your 105MM. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. APERS-T rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the M79, M203, and M320 grenade launchers. So, you need to state at least two bits of missing info: 1. . The ubiquitous Soviet AK-47 was widely regarded as the best assault rifle of the war and it was not uncommon to see U.S. special forces with captured AK-47s. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. After the Vietnam War the 105mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T ammunition M494. The 155mm is superior to the 4.5" naval gun in relation to cannon-launched guided projectiles (CLGP); because the 155mm round is fired at a lower velocity it is much easier for their internal electronic guidance systems to survive being fired. 155 mm (6.1″) is a common, NATO-standard, artillery calibre. Instantly, 8,500 flechettes (tiny metal-shaped arrows) tore into the attacking NVA ranks. [1], Long Range Land Attack Projectile (LRLAP), W48 (M45 Artillery Fired Atomic Projectile (AFAP), DRDO Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), "No New Round Planned For Zumwalt Destroyer Gun System; Navy Monitoring Industry", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=155_mm&oldid=982926797, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 06:28. However, despite superficially appearing to be superior due to a comparison of round diameters, when firing conventional ammunition the smaller, 4.5" naval gun is comparable to the standard 155mm gun-howitzer of the British Army. Support was called for and received from 155mm howitzers of Battery B, 3d Battalion, 13th Artillery, near Saigon. The only round the 155mm Howitzer fired with the M501(A1) was the High Cloud/ Smoke. Overall length was 19.3 inches. Piper and Staff Sgt. The Dusters had done well. Vietnam War – M109 (155mm) The M108 (105mm) and M109 (155mm) are the latest self-propelled artillery pieces in the US Army. Fired at minimum charge, you'd still be reaching out a couple of hundred meters. Hm, this question is very difficult to answer because it is to general. The primary beehive round for this purpose was the M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T) shell which projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. [4] APERS-T rounds were available for 90mm gun on M48 tanks and the 152mm gun on the M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance/airborne assault vehicle. [citation needed]. I was on 155mm Howitzers. Bursting area in meters 30 x 50. Frisbee is correct, the shell is loaded with thousands of little darts, very sharp and small (approx. Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer[3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. Ammo stocked a beehive round for us but we never fired any. We did train in direct fire with HE's at armored vehicles. We had Beehive rounds and only fired them once (fortunately) for a demonstration. A typical 105mm BEEHIVE has 6000 darts, 3000 of which are loaded pointing forward, 3000 pointing backward. This is because naval guns can be built much more strongly than land-based self-propelled gun-howitzers, and have much longer barrels in relation to calibre (for example the Mark 8 has a barrel length of 55 calibres, while the standard AS-90 self-propelled gun has a barrel length of 39 calibres). [1] The first example was the 105mm howitzer M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T), first fired in combat in 1966[2] and thereafter used extensively in the Vietnam War. Russian guns and those of former Soviet bloc countries tend to use 152mm weapons in similar roles. . Since the late 20th century, most NATO armies have adopted 155 mm weapons as an all-purpose standard. The round is loaded with 8,000 8-grain steel flechettes. Mar 4, 2020 - Explore Steve Stiverson's board "Vietnam - Artillery", followed by 229 people on Pinterest. 69-70. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. The round weighed 48 pounds with 41.8 pounds of that being the projectile. In 1966 the new M102's started to replace the older M101A1 versions. Killer Junior and Killer Senior are techniques of employing artillery direct fire air bursts, first developed during the Vietnam War. General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems – Canada offers a full range of 105mm artillery ammunition for the 105mm Howitzers, including high-explosive, illuminating and blank rounds. The standard shell from a 4.5" naval gun has the same, if not better, range and carries twice the HE payload of a standard 155mm round. That’s when the artillerymen depressed the 105mm howitzer in the perimeter and fired off a beehive round that launched 8,500 flechettes (small metal darts) into the swarm of NVA assault teams. That's a good thing as you'd otherwise be … The APERS-T round is devastatingly effective against exposed infantry. The beehive and canister rounds were for use primarily in an antipersonnel role. In addition, even without active cooling, the heavier naval gun barrels allow for a superior sustained rate of fire compared to field guns, and this is exploited with an autoloading system with a capacity of several hundred rounds. The round comes fuzed and set for muzzle action; however, it can be set for up to 100 seconds. Robert Underwood loaded a beehive round into one of the 105mm howitzers. The M-101 and its variants were first used in Vietnam by the French in 1946. The entire western approach was covered by a 105mm battery which fired round after round of Beehive and time rounds, all with … Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. Howitzer, 155mm towed, M14A1, with 14,600 meter range. 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