I never have been found of the coleus plants but they are growing on me. Fertilize it with a liquid fertilizer added to your watering can throughout the spring and summer months at a rate of one tablespoon to one gallon of water. However, most gardeners cultivate coleus for its striking foliage instead of for the flowers. Keep the flower buds pinched off to prolong the life of the plant. These varieties are easy to grow -- just plant them in a shady but warm spot; give them enough water to keep the soil moist, but not wet; and add a little fertilizer. Aphids sometimes bother these plants, although the damage is rarely severe. Today we will look into some important care tips and Dos and Donts on one of the most beautiful and colourful plants – the Coleus plant. Use your fingers or clean shears sterilized in a teaspoon of bleach mixed into two cups of water. You will be able to see the roots once they grow. In fact, you may remember them from your grandmother’s parlor. The relationship among the genera Coleus, Solenostemon and Plectranthus has been confused. It takes coleus cuttings between two and three weeks to take root. Coleus growing in water should be placed on a sunny windowsill in a room that’s 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s even being tested to see if coleus cell cultures may be useful in production of a compound called rosmarinic acid which has anti-viral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Hummingbirds are attracted to coleus’ flowers when it is in bloom, and they’re also drawn to the pink and red hues of its foliage year-round. The roots of coleus plants have been used in India for many years as an herbal medication to treat heart and lung diseases. Similarly, how do you keep coleus over the winter? They have endless variations in color, shape and patterns, and work well as a focal point or a compliment to other plants. Special Care. However, always be careful not to overwater, as too much water will destroy the roots and leave the plant unable to absorb any water or nutrients. Let the seeds dry for at least two weeks , and check for dryness by using your fingernail to press a seed. Growth … Start the foliage plant seeds indoors 8 weeks or so before the last expected frost. Strip all the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting, and if desired, treat the bottom end with rooting hormone. Terms of Service apply. Learn about the Best Coleus Varieties and add a dash of bold contrast in your home and garden with these fast-growing, trouble-free plants! Try a few this season to enliven your containers or annual beds. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Pinch off or trim back flowers before they bloom to encourage the plant to focus on growing fuller foliage. Don’t miss out on the excitement of growing these versatile plants. In winter, give coleus a time release fertilizer at half strength. Solenostemon rotundifolius may also be called Coleus rotundifolius or Plectranthus rotundifolius, with a variety of common names, including Coleus potato, Hausa potato, Koorka, Madagascar potato, Patata de los Hausas, Ratala, or Sudan potato. Different varieties have different sunlight needs, with some preferring full or partial shade and others thriving in full sun. Cold damage begins at 20 degrees Fahrenheit, and coleus dies at 25 degrees. And now I noticed that the Coleus and Begonias are of similar colors. Coleus plants blossom with spikes of miniature flowers in white or shades of blue. In other zones, it must be brought indoors during the cold season to be grown as a perennial. Part of the fun of growing coleus is experimenting with new colors and varieties. However, the visual look of the plant changes after it matures. Privacy Policy and Most gardeners grow coleus for its vividly colored foliage, so if their coleus plants flower, they pinch or cut off the blooms to encourage the plant to focus its growth and development on foliage instead. Coleus needs a fertile, moist soil that offers plenty of drainage. When growing coleus, keep in mind that these beauties can grow rapidly. (If you aren’t sure of your soil’s pH level, click here to read about how to test your soil’s pH. Gardeners in frost-free areas can enjoy coleus year-round, and it will survive for several years in their outdoor gardens. “Black Magic,” “Fishnet Stockings,” and “Sunset” are shade-loving species of coleus, while “Alabama Sunset,” “Pineapple,” “Amazon, ” and “Solar Shadow” enjoy the sun. medianet_crid = "572908758"; The shady loving plant is all i really know about it. All varieties of coleus enjoy some shade to protect them from the heat of the day. The water in the container should be replaced with a fresh supply on a regular basis. Coleus planted outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11 can survive the winter and live for several years. I put Coleus and Begonias in a pot this year and they played nicely with each other. Coleus needs to be kept consistently moist, especially young plants. Good luck! Once a coleus goes to seed its life cycle is over and it will usually die. Hope this helps. Coleus can be added to beds and borders for interest or grown in containers. In zones 10 through 11, it’s safe to leave coleus in the ground. Most coleus plants should be grown in bright, indirect light or in partial shade. Some gardeners grow coleus outdoors and overwinter cuttings of coleus to grow new plants from in the spring. In winter, give coleus a time release fertilizer at half the strength directed in the instructions. Solenostemon scutellarioides. Source(s): https://owly.im/a8677. Yes, coleus plants are known to attract butterflies. Susan says. Make these applications on cloudy days, though, because sunlight can scorch the leaves. They have endless variations in color, shape and patterns, and work well as a focal point or a compliment to other plants. Remove the leaves from the bottom 3 inches and dip the bottom of the stem in rooting hormone. During hot weather, expect to water your outdoor coleus one or two times each day, and anticipate watering indoor coleus every two or three days (unless your indoor air is very dry). medianet_height = "250"; They need moist, well-draining soil, but not  actually wet. If flowers do develop, pinch them off as coleus that put energy toward blossoming tend to see decline in foliage. Avoid locations that get direct sunlight during the hottest part of the day, as coleus is susceptible to sunscald and fading foliage if it gets too much intense sunlight. Refresh the water in the container every other day. The mottled colors often change in intensity depending on the amount of sunlight and heat. Prevent this disease by planting coleus in well-draining soil and avoid overwatering it. Coleus should be protected from frost and temperatures 30 degrees Fahrenheit or lower. If flowers are allowed to remain, the plant dwindles and becomes straggly. Unit of Measure. If ingested, they can cause diarrhea, vomiting, depression, or loss of appetite. If it's as humid and warm there as I think it is, I bet your coleus will do beautifully. They’re so resilient that you can almost cut them back to ground level and they’ll come back. The leaves can be lacy, ruffled, smooth, twisted, solid colors, have contrasting edges, or a kaleidoscope of colors, big, little, round, pointed. Specifications. SuperSun ‘Plum Parfait’ above grows up to 3 feet tall and creates a nice hedge to back up other plants. The foliage is available in shades of brown, green, orange, pink, purple, and yellow. 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